Nonagenarians and Centenarians in an ICU

AAA | Best Medical Treatment | Bypass Surgery | Carotid | Endovascular Techniques | PAD


Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of inpatients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) including lower extremity PAD, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and carotid artery disease in a large cohort of critically ill patients aged ≥ 90 years.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of all adult patients aged ≥ 90 years consecutively admitted to the intensive care unit at a tertiary care centre in Hamburg, Germany, between 1 January 2008 and 30 April 2019. Multivariable regression and Kaplan-Meier methods were used to determine the independent impact of PAD on short and long term mortality endpoints. The analyses were adjusted for confounding by several sociodemographic and clinical parameters including Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and established clinical risk scores.

Results: A total of 1 108 eligible patients were identified (92.3 years, 33% men). Of these, 24% had PAD (9% lower extremity PAD, 2% AAA, 15% coronary artery disease) and 76% did not have any history of PAD and were used as a comparison group. When compared with the comparison group, patients with PAD had a higher CCI (2 vs. 1, p < .001), more often had chronic kidney disease (28% vs. 21%, p = .019), and renal replacement therapy (5% vs. 2%, p = .016). Furthermore, they needed vasopressors (48% vs. 40%, p = .027) and parenteral nutrition (10% vs. 6%, p = .041) more often. After adjusting for confounding, PAD was independently associated with increased in hospital (hazard ratio [HR] 1.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.39 – 2.81, p < .001) and long term mortality rates (HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.05 – 1.66, p = .019).

Conclusion: One of four critically ill nonagenarians and centenarians in an ICU in Germany had PAD. PAD was associated with both higher short and long term mortality rates while its impact outweighed higher age. Future studies should address this increasingly important population beyond 89 years of age.

Keywords: Critical illness; Intensive care unit; Nonagenarians; Peripheral vascular disease; Vascular disease; Very elderly.